Chiropractic was developed in the late 19th century by a Canadian doctor (and magnetic healer), called Daniel David Palmer (1845-1913).

Early chiropractic philosophy is based upon relatively abstract notions of holistic medicine. However, modern practitioners tend to confine themselves to the following, basic principles:

Most chiropractors believe that subluxations are ultimately responsible for back pain. In strict, medical terms, a luxation refers to a dislocated joint; a sub-luxation is therefore an incomplete, or partially, dislocated joint. In chiropractic terms, however, a subluxation is simply a joint problem that affects the spinal nerves.

In the vast majority of cases, a high velocity thrust is used to restore normal function to the joint (also referred to as manipulation, or adjustment). In theory, this should restore normal, spinal mobility, alleviating stiffness and back pain. Other forms of treatment may be used including ultrasound, acupuncture, massage etc…