How Lumbar Belt Supports The Trunk Muscles? Conditions That Require Back Belt

The lumbar support belt is a nice tool helps you make an effective treatment plan for certain conditions of spine. It provides more support to the lumbar region of the back and enhances the healing process. It is also known as a back brace, back support belt or lumbosacral orthosis. The belt is advised to esure good results of the treatment and prevent further damage to the back muscles.

Goals Of Using A Lumbar Support Belt

The prescription of a lumbar support belt commonly has a few essential goals.

  • To lessen the muscle tension of lumbar region muscles
  • To lessen the back pain
  • Improvement of posture by the redistribution of forces in the vertebral column
  • It makes sure a healthy healing environment for the soft tissues of the back
  • It enhances the ability to work during daily activities.

The above-mentioned goals are able to be attained by the proper use of a back support brace. The mechanism of action of the support belt differs according to the design of belt but in general, a common mechanism of action of the brace is described below:

Gives Additional Support to the Vertebral Column

A lumbar belt provides stability when the lumbar region of the back is not stable due to weak muscles of the back. It keeps the torso in a protected, supportive and normal anatomical posture, it provides a beneficial effect to the muscles of the lumbar region. It gives a healthy and safe environment for the recent injury and avoids further injuries to the vertebral column and the soft tissues of the back (muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves, etc. )

Reduces Pressure from Muscles

A back support belt acts to reduce some of the weight which is normally exerted to the lumbar region of the back. By reducing pressure from the intervertebral discs, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, a back brace reduces the amount of painful muscle tension which is a sort of mechanism of protection after an injury.

Decreases The Range of Movements

A lumbar support brace acts to decrease or restrict the range of movements, for example, leaning forward, bending backward or to side and twisting movements. By reducing the painful movements, it improves the positioning of the body which enables the patient to consciously adjust the positioning of the body for the improvement of the health of back muscles.

Decreases Micro-Motion Between Vertebral Segments

Lumbar support belts also reduce extra micro-motions at specific vertebral column segmental level or at the site of fracture thus reduces the amount of lumbar muscle tension, joints irritation or nerve roots.

Adding a back belt to the treatment regimen is proven in some studies to improve muscle health, pain scores and joint mobility which is better than by the use of only pain relieving medication or physiotherapy.

Factors For The Success Of Lumbar Support Belt

There are some factors which contribute to the outcome of the use of a lumbar support belt. Some of the factors are following:

Wearing the Belt as Advised

It is one of the most important factors for the success of the support belt that it must be used as advised by your doctor or medical professional. Although many factors make it difficult to wear the brace like interference in daily routine tasks or discomfort, yet you may be habitual of it after the use of some days. If it is too uncomfortable to be used, your physician may help you adjust the belt. It is recommended that you must consult your physician before abandoning the belt entirely.

Considering the Belt as a Positive Aid

According to studies, the spine support belt shows more effective results when it is considered as potentially beneficial and positive thoughts are maintained regarding its effects. If your family members, friends or colleagues encourage and support you about its use, it will enhance your attitudes towards the belt and its beneficial effects.

Do Not Be Dependant Upon Belt for a Long Time

Lumbar belts are commonly suggested for short term use. If you wear a belt more than its recommended time, it will lead to muscle atrophy also there are more chances that you will be dependant upon this belt which will result into the weakening of the back, enhance the chances of injury and aggravate the pain.

If your physician does not consider that the lumbar support belt will be beneficial, it is not suggested to wear it.

Conditions That Can Be Improved By The Use Of Lumbar Support Belt

A lumbar support belt heals and relieves pain from many conditions some of which are described as following:

Post-Operative Healing

A rigid type of back support belt is suggested after the surgery of vertebral column because it reduces pressure from the vertebral column and back muscles, provides more stability, narrows down the range of movements and prevents micro-movements and gives a healthy environment for the healing of tissues. Lumbar support belts are suggested commonly between the 3 and 8 weeks after surgery but this duration varies for different patients according to the condition of the patient.

Isthmic Spondylolisthesis

It is evident from studies that if you use a rigid type of lumbar belt for isthmic spondylolisthesis, it will reduce the chances for the slippage of the disc and help in the pain reduction. Walking ability is also improved for many patients. It also lessens the potential damage to muscles, joints, nerves, and ligaments.


A semi-rigid or rigid type of brace may be suggested for this condition also because it helps in the reduction of painful micro-motions at the level of fractured vertebrae and enhances the healing process.


You can use a rigid or semi-rigid back brace for this degenerative disease because it lessens the pressure from the affected facet joint, reduces pain and makes daily routine movements easier for you.