Human body is blessed with the intrinsic ability to adjust with the changing climate but within its capacity. There are chances that you may get some health-related issues or back problems, especially you had been affected by a backache earlier in your life too.
Back Problems Obsereved in Winter
Winter may trigger the following back problems:
Every person is prone to be affected with hypothermia (low body temperature) in the winter season especially the older persons because they are not much sensitive with the changing temperature.
Reduced body temperature causes vasoconstriction and decreased blood supply to back muscles, tendons and ligaments, liver, kidney, GIT and other accessory organs adversely affecting the functions of these organs.
2) A backache
It is a common problem faced in the winter by the majority of the people. A backache is the 3rd leading cause of visiting doctor all over the world. The reason behind this is, tendons, muscles and ligaments in the back become tightened due to the reduced blood supply, inflammation occurs in them, and you feel a severe stabbing pain in your back. It is not merely the
problem of the spine, but the pathology may lie in the musculature, ligaments or tendons of the back.
Sciatica is also a common problem encountered in the winter season. It is severe stabbing pain in the lower back radiating in the buttocks and one or both legs. Sciatic nerve has 5 nerve roots lie in the spinal intervertebral discs at different levels. If any of the nerve roots gets compressed, pain name as the name of ‘sciatica’ starts. In winter, there are more chances for the sciatic nerve roots to be pressed or injured because intervertebral discs may be swollen and exert pressure on the head of the sciatic nerve.
This is also an adverse effect of the winter season specifically occurs in the patients already having some nerve problems.
The diseases express itself. Thus you feel tingling sensations in different body parts also in the back if you have some back related issues. The reason being is that nerves also become swollen or injured in winter causing numbness, tingling and aches in all over the body especially in the back.
5) Neck Rigidity
You may also feel stiffness or pain in your neck and the adjacent lower area( in the area of the cervical spine) if you do not pay
attention to maintain your correct spinal posture while reading, dishwashing , watching T.V. or during other routines tasks.
Research conducted by Tufts University suggest that cold climate enhances the pain in the knee, hip joint, and other body joints because barometric changes cause the thickness of the joint fluid changing in normal morphology of joints.
Causes Of Back Problems In Winter Season
1) Lack of exercise
One common cause which can be attributed to back problems in winter is lack of daily exercise due to sluggishness.
This cause reduces blood supply in the back muscles which become taut.
2)Dark, gloomy days cause depression
Long and too cold nights and dark, gloomy days without adequate sun exposure in the winter season causes marked depression which causes a change in the neurotransmitters. The nerves of your back do not get adequate neurotrophins, inadequately supplying muscles which become taut and spastic causing backache.
It is proven from various researches that pressure changes in cold climate causes intervertebral disc compression and reduces its shock absorption capability. The spine cannot tolerate strains, and you feel a severe backache.
Blood vessels constrict in the cold for the preservation of heat in the body. This is an important mechanism of thermoregulation, but the drawback is that blood supply reduces to accessory organs like liver, kidney, pancreas, GIT as well as to the spine itself and muscles and ligaments of the spine. Thus inflammation occurs in them, and one feels a stabbing pain in the back or buttocks.
Prevention and Treatment
Following are some tips to avoid a backache in winter condition.
- Keep yourself warm. Wear many layers of clothing instead of one single thick layer. Use a thick blanket while sleeping. Use electric heaters to warm your house.
- Always use good footwear in winter which prevents your feet from cold. Your shoes should not be slippery so that you may not have a fall.
- Keep yourself active so that your metabolism remains boosted an adequate amount of energy remains to produce in your body.
- Take regular exercise so that your back muscles attain maximum flexibility.
- Do swimming. It is proven from researches that water during swimming removes extra stress from your back muscles keeping you a backache
A wide range of drugs and painkillers are available in the market which are commonly prescribed by physicians worldwide. But do not use any medicine without getting prescribed.
These are over the counter used medicines to relieve back pain. Commonly used NSAIDs are ibuprofen and naproxen sodium. But they must be used with the advice of a doctor.
- Muscle Relaxants
If a backache occurs due to spasm of muscles, muscle relaxants help to relieve spasm and thus remove pain.
- Topical medicines
These are creams and ointments which are rubbed at affected area and reduce the pain.
These are opioids used in case of severe pain resistant to other therapy.
- Antidepthe presents
Certain antidepressants especially tricyclic antidepressants are used in chronic back pain in the patients who have a mental illness.
If you want to treat your backache without medicines, we suggest you the Backtack™. It’s a spinal decompression device designed to treat all forms of back pain at home. This product has a unique, patented technology. The design is original and follows the natural curvature of the spine to fix postural and other spine related problems, i.e. a backache, sciatica, muscular spasm and others.
To get maximum benefit, the patient must lie on it in relaxed central position keeping knees bent. The first time you may feel stiffness in the spine in this posture because your back is not accustomed to this posture, but gradually you will feel relax and pain-free without using any medicines. Thus it is the best method for treating back problems avoiding adverse effects of medicines. There is no ill effect of backpack and you will start feeling better after 5 days. The mechanism of action of this can be explained as it decompresses the forces from the spine, back muscles and ligaments maintaining natural curvatures of the spine and makes you feel relax. Click here to find more about Backrack™.