It is a postural disorder in which the natural arch of the lumbar region of the vertebral column is slightly or markedly enhanced. It commonly happens when the vertebral column has to bear extreme stress or extra weight repeatedly and it is curved excessively even muscle pain and spasms happen.
Common Causes of Lumbar Hyperlordosis
There may be many reasons for lumbar hyperlordosis but here we’ll discuss some of the common causes:
It is a condition of the vertebral column in which one of the intervertebral discs is slipped forward onto the lower vertebral bone. It can be corrected by medical therapy or surgical intervention.
It is a type of dwarfism. Due to short stature, lumbar region of the vertebral column has to tolerate extra stress and thus curvature is enhanced.
It is a degenerative disorder of bone which is commonly age-related. Bone density is significantly lessened and the risk of fractures is increased. Due to reduced bone density in the lumbar region, lordosis is more likely to happen.
It is a type of malignant bone tumors which commonly happens in the tibia near the knee joint. It can also appear on the bones of upper limbs near the shoulder. Since it is a malignant disease, it can also involve a vertebral column causing hyperlordosis.
The persons who are obese, are more prone to suffer from lumbar hyperlordosis. This is so because extra weight puts extra pressure to the vertebral column resulting in the enhancement of the arch of the lumbar region.
It is one of the most common causes of lumbar hyperlordosis. When you are sitting in an incorrect posture, muscles of the back are tightened excessively because they tend to stabilize and support your vertebral column. Resultantly, the vertebral column is pulled out of alignment, resulting in increased curves of the vertebral column. People who do an office job , are more likely to suffer from lumbar hyperlordosis.
The persons who are living a sedentary lifestyle, are at increased risk of suffering from back disorders including hyperlordosis. Absence of exercise from the daily routine causes the weakening of the muscles in the trunk and around the pelvis. Weakened muscles cannot support the vertebral column in a good manner. Consequently, the curvature is enhanced.
Symptoms of Lumbar Hyperlordosis
Following are the common symptoms of lumbar hyperlordosis:
Enhancement of the Curvature
When the curvature of your lower lumbar region is going to aggravate day by day, you must pay attention to this. Mostly, it is a lumbar hyperlordosis. Visit your doctor immediately.
Lower Back Pain
It is the most common happening in the lumbar hyperlordosis. Even the lower back pain may happen when the hyperlordosis is not prominent and cannot be identified with the naked eye. So, if you are suffering from unexplained back pain, go for X-Ray to find the underlying cause.
Tingling Sensations and Numbness
These are also common happenings. Numbness and tingling sensations are felt in the arms, hands, buttocks, back of thighs, legs, and feet. These sensations are felt when the nerves supplying to these areas are compressed. If you are suffering from such condition, seek medical help immediately.
Bladder or Bowel Disturbance
Both continence or incontinence of bowel and bladder may occur in extreme conditions.
How to Treat Lumbar Hyperlordosis?
The patients suffering from a mild type of lordosis, do not require medical intervention. But if the condition is severe, medical help is compulsory. Some Treatment options for lordosis are following:
- Painkillers, to lessen the pain and discomfort associated with lordosis
- Anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling of soft tissues
- Proper physical therapy in order to enhance the strength of muscles and range of movements.
- If weight is more than the normal range of BMI, then weight loss will help with the correction of posture.
- Back braces are helpful in children and teenagers.
- In severe cases, surgical intervention is needed to correct the deformity.
- Nutritional supplements such as calcium and vitamin D
- Posture correction is compulsory
Outlook for Lumbar Hyperlordosis
In most of the cases, lumbar hyperlordosis does not cause any major health problems. But it is important to maintain a healthy vertebral column because it is the vertebral column which makes possible our movements and flexibility. If the lordosis is ignored and not treated well, it can cause permanent discomfort and more chances of disorders with the vertebral column, hip girdle and internal organs.
Exercises for Lumbar Stabilisation
You must perform exercises in order to make lumbar muscles more stronger. These exercises can help both in the prevention and treatment of the lumbar hyperlordosis.
Some of the useful exercises in this condition are:
- Lie on the floor on your back and flex your knees at a right angle Keeping your feet flat against the ground.
- Make a cross of your arms on your thorax and lift your upper body enough to touch your thighs.
- Then slowly lower your upper body back to the ground
- Stand on the ground keeping your feet apart approximately according to the width of your shoulders.
- Extend both of your upper limbs in front of your chest in such a manner that both of your hands are clasped together.
- Lower your torso up to the extent as you are sitting in a chair. Lower as much as your thighs are parallel to the floor. Your ankles and knees must be in a straight line.
- Then return your body to the starting position slowly.
3) Quadruped Arm and Leg Raise
- Kneel yourself on the ground, lean forward slowly and keep your hands palm-down.
- Keep your knees in the straight line with the buttocks and hands beneath the shoulders.
- Elevate one of your arms and extend the other leg keeping in line with the spinal column.
- Return gradually to the starting position.
4) Reverse Plank
- Sit on the floor keeping your legs out in front and lean in the backward direction. You must keep your back at an angle of 45-degrees with the ground.
- Keep your hands on your sides.
- Look in the upward direction and elevate your hips maintaining your weight on your heels and hands.
- Hold this position for 15 seconds and then release slowly.