Myofascial pain syndrome is a condition pressure exerted on certain specific points on your muscles causes aches in the muscles. Sometimes the pain is also felt in some other parts of the body which are apparently unrelated due to common nerve supply. It is termed as referred pain. The points upon which pressure exertion causes pain are known as trigger points. Inflammation in the soft tissues of the body also happens.
This condition commonly happens when a muscle has to contract repetitively for a long time. Commonly it occurs in certain jobs demanding repetitive stretching of some specific muscles or in certain hobbies. The pain and discomfort associated with this syndrome either continues or aggravates with the passage of time.
Symptoms of Myofascial Back Pain Syndrome
There may be many symptoms of myofascial back pain but the common ones are following
- Pain is felt in the deeper areas of muscles. Usually in localized points.
- Pain is aggravated when the patient stretches the affected muscle or with the straining of the muscle.
- Muscle pain is not improved with the passage of time. It usually worsens.
- Usually, the affected persons feel painful knots in the affected muscles. With the pressing of these knots, severe pain either localized or referred, is felt.
- Muscles become inflexible, stiff and weak and the range of motion is decreased significantly.
- Mood swings and disturbance of sleep pattern.
Risk Factors for Myofascial Back Pain
The underlying cause of myofascial back pain is a stimulus that may be muscle tightness that causes the triggering of pain in certain specific points in muscles. Some of the risk factors that may enhance the risk of these specific muscle trigger points are following
Chronic muscle stress or an acute muscle injury may become a cause of development of pain-causing trigger points. A spot which is present near a strained muscle or within the strained muscle may take the form of a trigger point. Repetitive movements of the same muscles and poor postural techniques also enhance the risk.
Stress or Anxiety
People who routinely have to face anxiety and stress are more prone to develop trigger points in their muscles. According to a concept, these people usually tend to clench their muscles, thus muscles have to suffer from a repetitive strain. This effect causes muscles more susceptible to develop trigger points.
Lack of Activity
Lack of activity for example in case of a broken vertebral bone also may lead to the development of trigger points within the muscles which lead to myofascial pain.
Other contributing factors towards myofascial back pain are:
- Sitting in an awkward posture for a prolonged period of time
- Nutritional deficiencies
- Any injury to intervertebral disc
- Generalized fatigue
- Lack of sleep
- Hormonal changes
- Severe cooling of muscles for example when sleeping for several hours in front and an air conditioner
- Emotional factors
- Any painful or inflammatory condition to back
Treatment for Myofascial Back Pain
This type of pain syndrome demands a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Many therapists combine medicines with other therapies that help in lessening muscle stiffness and pain. But here we’ll show you an innovative treatment modality to relieve Myofascial back pain without taking any medicine. We present you the Backrack™ device.
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Home Remedies to Correct Myofascial Back Pain
There are many remedies you can do easily at home to lessen your pain and improve the standard of your life.
- Arrange a better and comfortable chair for your workplace and take much care about your posture
- Adjust the height of your computer table properly so that your computer screen falls in front of your natural gaze.
- Use a firm mattress for sleeping, not too hard or too much soft.
- Sleep in the proper position. Do not sleep on your stomach. If you are habitual of sleeping on your one side, keep a pillow between both of your legs.
- Try to do Pilates, yoga or another stretching type of work out.
- Always wear a back support belt while doing heavy weight lifting
- Practice a vibrating device for the relaxation of your muscles.
- Take regular exercise after taking proper advice from your doctor.
- If you are living a stressful life, consult a mental health professional to lessen the level of stress and anxiety.
- If you are suffering from any muscle injury, use an ice pack
- Use hot fomentation to lessen muscle inflammation
- Try to do mindfulness to divert attention from pain.
There are many types of massage treatments that help in the relaxation of trigger points. These are
- Passive rhythmic release
- Active rhythmic release
- Trigger point pressure release.
Massage therapy has the benefit of improving blood flow and warming up muscles. This helps in the reduction of stiffness and easing the pain.
Complications of myofascial pain syndrome are following:
Symptoms of myofascial back pain are so severe that it is difficult for the patient to sleep at night. It is difficult for the patient to find a comfortable sleeping position because trigger points are stimulated thus sleep problem is a big complication of myofascial back pain.
Myofascial pain syndrome is further developed into fibromyalgia in some patients. Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease that features widespread pain.