Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Osteoporotic bones have lost density or mass and contain abnormal tissue structure. As bones become less dense, they weaken and are more likely to break.
Typically are no symptoms in the early stages , but once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you may have signs and symptoms that include:
- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
- Loss of height over time
- A stooped posture
- A bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected
Why do we get Osteoporosis?
- Hormone levels
- Thyroid problems.
- Other glands. Osteoporosis has also been associated with overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands.
- Low calcium intake
- Eating disorders.
- Gastrointestinal surgery.
- Steroids and other medications
- Medical conditions:Celiac disease,Inflammatory bowel disease,Kidney or liver disease,Cancer,Lupus,Multiple myeloma,Rheumatoid arthritis
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
- Tobacco use.
Osteoporosis itself does not cause back pain. However, osteoporosis can weaken the vertebral body (spine) so that it can no longer withstand normal stress or a minor trauma (e.g. a fall), resulting in a fracture. In fact, a fracture is typically the first outward sign of the disease, and advanced osteoporosis is potentially very painful and disabling.