Risk Factors and Tips to Avoid Back Surgery

For the treatment of back pain, many types of home remedies or medications may be used but if the pain is resistant to be treated with ordinary medications, many patients tend to undergo surgical intervention to get the pain relieved. Before making the decision about surgery, you must know that no surgical intervention can be declared free of risks or complications. You must talk clearly with a spinal surgeon to know completely about your personal risk factors. Health issues and lifestyle factors may enhance the risk of complications during surgery. Although many of the patients who undergo back surgery to treat their back and neck related problems, enjoy the good outcome, yet some patients are at greater risk to suffer from any complication during or after their surgical intervention.

Complications may develop during the procedure or after it. Here we’ll discuss some potential risk factors during or after the surgical interventions related to back problems.

Anesthesia Risks

In most of the cases, back surgeries are performed under general anesthesia. Although in the modern world, drugs and techniques of anesthesia have become much advanced, yet there is a potential risk factor of heart attack, brain damage, stroke, respiratory problems or even death.

Risk of Bleeding

During a surgical procedure, some amount of bleeding is expected and routinely happens, that is why surgeons use different types of instruments, devices, and techniques to control bleeding. In rare cases, a blood vessel may also be damaged. In some of the cases, when a situation is not in control, it may lead to haemorrhage and shock.

Blood Clots

Patients undergoing surgery in their lower body are more prone to develop blood clots in the veins of their lower extremities. This condition is termed as deep venous thrombosis. In some cases, the clot moves to the lungs, which is termed as pulmonary embolism. It is a life-threatening condition. To avoid this, the patient suffering from deep venous thrombosis is completely immobilised.


Bacterial infections may affect the skin around the incision or may develop in the subcutaneous tissues near the operative areas. If the proper sterile instruments are used during surgery and good antibiotics are given after surgery, this will significantly lessen the risk of infection.

Failure of the Fusion

Pseudarthrosis and non-union are two medical conditions in which the fusion of the vertebral column does not happen properly or completely.

Nerve or Spinal Cord Damage

Although, its occurrence is less due to latest sophisticated surgical tools, microscopes, and intraoperative imaging, yet nerve or spinal cord damage may happen which causes significant pain, sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling sensations, sensory dysfunction and motor dysfunction.

Lung Problems

Respiratory function of lungs after surgery can be reduced by anesthesia, medications or lack of physical activity. The medical staff tells the patient about deep breathing exercises to make improvement in the lung function and avoid the occurrence of respiratory problems like pneumonia.

Persistent Pain

It is likely to feel pain after back surgery but it is unexpected and not normal to feel a debilitating type of pain refractory to painkillers. You must report such type of pain to your surgeon. Continuous pain is also considered as a postoperative complication.

Factors That Put You in a High-Risk Group During Surgery

The patients suffering from the following conditions are considered a high-risk group during surgery.

  1. Anemia (lack of hemoglobin)
  2. Cardiovascular system related diseases (like congestive heart failure)
  3. Corticosteroid drugs dependent patients
  4. Patients suffering from autoimmune diseases
  5. Heart problems
  6. Kidney disease
  7. Chronic liver disease
  8. Obesity
  9. Respiratory diseases (like asthma, chronic bronchitis)
  10. Metabolic diseases
  11. Smoking

Non-Invasive Spine Treatment

We at Spinal Backrack believe that the surgical approach to solving back conditions is quite brutal. Utilising over 40 years of experience, our spine specialists came up with an effective, invasive back pain treatment called “Backrack.” It’s a therapeutic device that helps you treat almost all spinal disorders without taking any medicine. There are several special exercises specifically designed to treat the causes and the symptoms of back pain.

Almost all back problems are caused by bone deformity directly linked to compression. Backrack™ acts as a spine decompressor and helps you treat the underlying cause of pain in the confort of your own home. Please click this link to learn more about the Backrack™ spine treatment.

Tips to Avoid Back Surgery

The patients always listen to the advice of the physician according to their condition but the following tips can reduce your back pain and minimize the likelihood of surgery:


It is a common myth that bed rest is the best way to treat back pain. In fact, modest exercise according to your condition causes the strengthening of your soft tissues and relieves extra stress from your spine. Exercise also enhances the blood circulation thus blood supply to the inflamed tissues is enhanced which is good for the health of those tissues.

Diet and Weight Loss

A healthy diet is mandatory for the health of your vertebral column. Refined foods rich in sugars and junk food also leads to inflammation in your soft tissues which result in compression and pain in that area. You must take a diet according to your physique which may fulfill your daily energy need and does not cause extra fat deposition in the body. If you are overweight, you must reduce your weight because extra weight puts extra pressure on the vertebral column. So you must maintain your weight within the normal limit of BMI in order to enjoy a healthy life.