Narrowing of the spaces in the spine is known as Spinal stenosis. The narrowing in your spine can put pressure on the nerves traveling through your spine, resulting in a spinal stenosis. This condition mostly occurs in the lower back and neck area.
Wear and tear in the spine over time can cause spinal stenosis, which is related to osteoarthritis. For some people, symptoms of spinal stenosis are not visible, whereas, for others, there is pain, numbness, tingling, and muscle weakness. Over time, these symptoms can worsen.
Types of Disc Space Narrowing:
It is probable to hold more than one kind of spinal stenosis in your back. The two types of this condition are divided according to where the in the spine the disease occurs. Two kinds of spinal stenosis are:
1) Cervical Stenosis
In this type, the space narrowing occurs in the neck’s part of the spine.
2) Lumbar Stenosis
This most common type of spinal stenosis occurs when the space narrowing takes place in the below section of your spine, which is the lower back.
Most often, symptoms of space narrowing or spinal stenosis are not evident. When the condition occurs, it starts getting worse over time. Symptoms of spinal stenosis depend on location in the spine and which nerves are affected.
1) Symptoms in the Cervical Spine (Neck Region)
- Spinal stenosis in the spinal stenosis may cause the person to feel tingly in the hand, foot, arm, or leg.
- They may feel weakness in the arms, legs, foot, or hands as well.
- Problems in walking or balancing.
- Pain in the neck
- Bowel o bladder dysfunction, in severe cases
2) Symptoms in the Lumbar Spine (Lower Back Region)
- Tingly sensation in leg or foot
- Weakness in the foot or leg
- Back pain
- Pain in one or both legs while standing or walking for long periods. Pain eases when the person sits or bends forward.
Following are the common causes of disc space narrowing:
1) Herniated Disc
The soft cushions that are located between the vertebrae of the spine act as shock absorbers. Over time, these cushions dry out or break, causing the inner material to escape and build stress on the nerves moving through the backbone.
2) Thickened ligaments
Over time, the strong cords that assist in holding the bones of your spine together can turn out to be stiff and thick. The thick ligaments can bump into the spinal canals.
3) Overgrowth of bone
Damages obtained from osteoarthritis on the spinal bones can provoke the development of bone spurs. These can grow into the spinal canals, causing bone overgrowth in the spine.
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Author: Spinal Backrack