Effectiveness of a Lumbar Support Belt in Acute Lower Back Pain

Protecting your back using lumbar support belt is a good remedy for those who are suffering from a joint sprain, injuries to the back, back muscle strain or who are recovering after surgery. If you are facing acute back pain and want to continue your work routine, a back support belt is a good option for you. These belts are also used in the workplaces where heavy lifting is needed. There are many lumbar support belts are available in the market but not all of them are equally effective. An orthopaedic lumbar support belt is designed in such a way that it provides enough support to your back muscles and helps in the reduction of your back pain which may happen due to muscle spasm, strain, injuries, sprains and the problems of intervertebral discs.

A back support belt effectively treats your lower back pain by following mechanisms:

Provides Sufficient Support

The support belt wearers narrate that during the periods of acute back pain, they feel pain relieved with a belt while they change their position, i.e. sitting down, getting up, or perform any other posture changing movement.

Stabilises The Back

A lumbar support belt provides more stabilization of back and abdomen and also tend to shift the weight from lumbar region to abdomen. Thus stress from back muscles is lessened and pain is reduced.

Tends to Reduce the Micro Movements at Back Joints

If you are suffering from back injury, you must reduce your movements at the vertebral column. This is so because the healing process is enhanced by limiting the micro-movements. The back belt acts to limit the micro movements significantly at the joints of the vertebral column causing the enhancement in the healing process and reduction of pain.

Corrects the Back Deformity

If you have any back deformity either congenital or postoperative, waist support belt helps in the correction of deformity because it keeps the vertebral column in the normal anatomical position. With the correction of back deformity, back pain is significantly minimized.

Massaging and Heating Effect

Some belts are designed in such a way that they have massaging as well as heating elements. Massaging effect improves blood circulation and reduces inflammation. Your tense muscles are thus relaxed and you feel pain relieved.

Lessens Muscle Stress

Workers who do heavy lifting or other jobs who involve frequently twisting or stretching of muscles, they are more prone to develop an acute episode of back pain. These physical activities put too much strain on lumbar muscles causing injury or lumbar back pain. They must need back support belt to prevent lower backache or treat an acute episode of back pain. Lumbar belt keeps the vertebral column in proper alignment but it should be used during work routine and not while resting.

Acts to Flatten Your Flabby Tummy

People who do not feel comfortable with your bulging tummy, the lumbar support belt works best for them. It acts to tighten the muscle of their abdomen causing the reduction of extra pressure from the lumbar region of their vertebral column. Thus the lower back pain is significantly reduced.

Enhances Your Working Capacity During Daily Routine

If you are unable to perform your daily routine tasks due to backache, a waist support belt keeps you moving. You can perform your routine tasks more easily while wearing a back brace because it corrects your posture, keeps your vertebral column in normal anatomical position and gives you an effect of being pain relieved.

Prevents the Irritation of Facet Joints

When you bend forward, your back pressure is aggravated while when you bend back, your facet joints are irritated. This can induce back pain or if you are already suffering from back pain, may enhance your misery. Pain due to this condition radiates to limbs also. But if you wear a proper support belt during backache, you can avoid the irritation of your facet joints and enhancement of pressure on your intervertebral discs.

Stimulation of Muscle Receptors

It’s a great benefit of wearing an orthopaedic lumbar belt that it stimulates your muscle receptors too. The material of a belt makes surety of controlled compression to the back muscles with the panel inserts. If you move, it allows the mobilisation of your back in a controlled manner which is good for the healing process of your damaged soft tissues.

Scientific Evidence for using Lumbar Support Belts

It is proven from a “2014 study in the journal Spine” that stronger lumbar support belts provide more motion restriction and trunk stiffness which provide more standard care for lower back pain.

Another report in the “Fukushima Journal of Medical Science” in 2012 narrated that the use of lumbar spine belts for the treatment of lumbar pain causes significant relief in pain as well as enhance muscle strength relevant to a limited time period. Back muscles are not weakened by the extended use of back belts and it provides enough support to the back.

A 2015 study in the journal PLoS One explained that a lower back support belt makes better the health and quality of life of the patient, causes improvement in the postural steadiness and lessens sacroiliac joint related aches. The authors claim that these belts are considered both cost-effective and low-risk preventive and treatment modality for sacroiliac joint pain.

According to A 2002 study in the Journal of Occupational Medicine, 70% of home care workers with lumbar back pain narrated that they had benefited from wearing a back support belt. The Compliance ratio was good. Wearing a belt has a good effect on the outcome which is greatly influenced by the patient’s thoughts and beliefs.